Aug 23 2010 03:17:17. In a game reserve, the needs of people living within the area takes preference whereas in a national park animals needs take preference. Off-road game drives, walking and horseback safaris get you off the beaten track and into closer range of where the wildlife action is happening. Examples of National Parks in Nigeria include: One thing the locations have in common is that they are conservation centres. To understand the difference between a national park and conservancy, it is best to look at examples like the Serengeti & the Masai Mara. All rights reserved. Game Reserve vs National Park – What’s the Difference? While National Parks are highly vested in preservation, barely altering the existing state, National Forests are managed for many purposes—timber, recreation, grazing, wildlife, fish and more. Some game reserves have the "big five" whilst others may only have some. The Serengeti: A National Park. Also, controlled hunting of wildlife (not poaching) is allowed within a game reserve; if it is prohibited then that place is a nature reserve. Difference between Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves and National Park Wildlife Sanctuary. Source: www.indianmirror.com. A key difference between the Sabi Sand Game Reserve and the Kruger National Park is that the open safari vehicles are permitted to drive off-road to get closer to the animals, something prohibited in the Kruger Park itself where vehicles have to stay on the roads. Visiting a Game Reserve can be quite expensive so if you are on a budget, it’s best to consider visiting a National Park instead. It also might mean poor visibility at a wildlife sighting spot or other vehicles blocking your line of sight. In private game reserves, game viewing vehicles are allowed to drive off-road to allow guests to search for big cats or to track specific animals. Login. She manages Pulchra Publishing which offers a content creation/editing, transcription, different forms of writing (including Ghostwriting) service and her blog, Life Love and Anything Goes at annesievoadje.blogspot.com.ng. The private reserves adjacent to Kruger mostly share unfenced boundaries with the Kruger and the whole conservation area is known as the Greater Kruger National Park, or if you include Mozambique, the Greater Limpopo Transfrontier Park. Get all informations about Africa Safari from our Safari Questions and answers website! Your email address will not be published. A nature reserve is focused on preserving all life forms both flora and fauna within a specific area. But what is the difference? Translated, Entabeni means 'place of the mountain', which goes some way to describe its location deep in the heart of the malaria-free World Heritage Waterberg biosphere in the Limpopo, south west of Lapalala Wilderness Game Reserve.. Did you know? More than 360 bird species have been recorded. Sign up to our newsletter and receive regular updates on the latest safaris: Copyright 2021, Journeys Discovering Africa. Sightings are a game of chance because of the strict routes and operational hours of the Parks. A nature reserve, has got lots of trees, fauna, etc, without wild animals. The meanings can overlap, so let me roughly define them by their differences. Answers (a) A national park is fenced off and no other form of land use is permitted in such areas while in a game reserve, land use by the public is usually allowed and is limited to grazing livestock only. Through a cooperation between the Botswana and South African Governments, the Kgalagadi National Park is the first official Transfrontier and it managed jointly by both countries. National parks are great for recreational and educational getaways. As you can see, a game reserve's focus is on protecting wildlife for the purpose of tourism and hunting. A safari in a Game Reserve allows for close encounters with wild animals which makes for a pretty picture. A guide leads guests from Boulders Lodge on a walking safari in Sabi Sand Reserve, South Africa © Singita. The Serengeti is perhaps the best known national park in Africa. Ann Esievoadje is a freelance writer who is passionate about encouraging a reading culture and personal development. A Game Park or Game reserve, on the other hand, exists specifically for the preservation of wild animals. A national park is an area of land which is maintained by a government for the purpose of people to visit, enjoy, and marvel at it's beauty as a natural wonder. This is when wildlife viewing is at a premium as the animals gather round the waterholes and rivers. The ranger gives the leopard some space and then follows, keeping a respectful distance without ever losing sight of the leopard. What is a field guide? It’s quite a simple difference but one that can have a big effect on your experience. Forget. In these areas, fauna like antelope, rhino and giraffes are protected. The quality of the guides varies as well. Private game reserves only allow game viewing vehicles from the lodges to be used, and the rules about where you can drive are very different from the rules at National Parks. Other national parks (e.g Tsitsikamma) are not Game Reserves. Game reserves offer tour exclusivity with high-end accommodation and service (which depends on how developed the place is). National parks may also have private concessions within or just outside there border so you can experience the best of both worlds if that is what you are after on safari. That’s why in Nigeria, individuals are not allowed to self-drive with their vehicles in a Game Reserve, let alone, without a Park Ranger or two. You can go on a safari in Nigeria; you don’t have to wait till you travel to Kenya, Dubai or South Africa to experience a safari. 5 Benefits of Growing the Tourism Industry in Nigeria, Tour Operators Unleash their 2021 Calendar of Tours, 5 Exciting Tour Deals to Grab between January and April 2021, Travel Tips: 3 Tour Activities to Embrace in 2021. The term "game reserve" implies that hunting will be done on the land. There are activities like hiking and game viewing but hunting may also be permitted. Also, veering off the road into tracks in the bush requires supervision because the terrain requires a special vehicle (a 4×4 preferably). Scary right? For many, the major upside of national parks is that visitors can explore in their own vehicle and at their own pace on a self-drive safari. People use the terms “game reserve” and “national park” interchangeably when referring to any place where nature may roam free. In National parks, there are designated routes which all tourists must stick to catch of glimpses of wild animals in their habitat. She has authored two books, The Quilt (fiction) and Being Mummy and Me (non-fiction). It is done under the supervision of a tour guide who must be present for the ride because being in untamed nature can pose life-threatening risks. Also known as a Wildlife Preserve, this is a large portion of privately/publicly owned and managed land where mother nature has free reign. A game reserve is … The only difference between the scene painted in the first rendition of the story and this one is that now you’re in a private game reserve. What is the difference between a game ranger and a field guide? The United States is home to both national parks and national forests. Some National Parks have reserves like forest and or Game Reserves within their borders. This will give you a sense of the variety and magnitude of the area. As verbs the difference between reserve and preserve is that reserve is to keep back; to retain while preserve is to protect; to keep from harm or injury. Imagine your car getting stuck in the mud with a racing hoard of wilder-beast approaching and there are no persons around to assist. (Has minor animals and birds). Off-road game drives. Since there are generally no crowds in a game reserve, wildlife sightings are undisturbed and can be enjoyed for as long as desired. the responsibility for managing game parks is under the jurisdiction of Kenya Wildlife Service and Local Councils are responsible for game reserves that fall under their administrative area. You can reach her at firstname.lastname@example.org, Your email address will not be published. The dry season from June to November is said to be the best time to visit any of the national parks in Northern and Southern Tanzania. Whilst a game reserve has lots of wild animals and birds. The focus of a Game Reserve is the preservation of wild animals (fauna) in their natural habitat. Save the Rhino. In addition, there are numerous private game reserves that have massive biodiversity and world-class safari opportunities. These are some of the questions we are asked most often at Bushwise Field Guides, and for good reason.. Field guiding in many ways was born out of the game ranging industry, and as the roles have changed over the years, so have the definitions, which has resulted in some confusion. Guests from Boulders Lodge on a game drive in Sabi Sand Reserve, South Africa © Singita. Perhaps the greatest difference between the two is the multiple use mandate for National Forests. Contact us to discuss whether a safari in a game reserve, national park or both is best for your specific travel style, interests, budget and time-frame. If you have the time to spend more than a couple of days in the Kruger, we suggest that you split your time between various reserves. I agree with most of the comments above. A national park is government-owned and -managed, and in most cases, opens up the safari experience to more people. Also, knowing the difference between Game Reserves and National Park is pertinent to managing disappointed expectations. What is the difference between a national park and a forest reserve? national parks & game reserves Visiting National Parks and Game Reserves can be a fantastic safari experience, but they have restrictions and can be more crowded than other options. As nouns the difference between reserve and preserve is that reserve is (label) restriction while preserve is a sweet spread made of any of a variety of berries. Also known as a Wildlife Preserve, this is a large portion of privately/publicly owned and managed land where mother nature has free reign. Register Now. Adventure Travel Trade Association member. The accommodation facilities at most National Parks range from Budget friendly to Luxury to suit a large crowd of visitors per time. The Difference Between National Parks and Private Reserves. If the focus is on plants/trees (flora) then it becomes a forest reserve. Many overseas visitors are unaware of the differences between the public facilities offered within the Kruger National Park by the National Parks Board, and the more expensive private game lodges in the private reserves adjoining the Kruger (Sabi Sand, Timbavati, Manyeleti, etc) which are considered part of the greater Kruger area.. A guest from Chinzombo Camp is shown the Luangwa River by boat in South Luangwa National Park, Zambia © Time and Tide. Game Reserve. That’s right. Game Reserve: A game reserve is an area of land set aside for maintenance of wildlife for tourism or hunting purposes. Examples of Game Reserves in Nigeria are: A national park is an area designated, managed and owned by the government. Conserve is to protectively manage a resource. Here is a comparison of the two: Firstly, when I say Kruger I mean the Kruger National Park (not the private reserves). Although the land mass for a National Park is much larger than that of a Game Reserve, there could be traffic congestion when the crowds arrive. Since tourists are expected to stick to proper tarred roads and well-maintained trails, there is wiggle room for self-driving. About Entabeni Game Reserve. Its flora and fauna are protected by the government and minimal development activity is allowed inside the park. A Game Reserve is where the animals on it are protected. A national park is owned and managed by the government, whereas a private game reserve is … It is important to know the difference because it determines the budget you require to get a great safari experience. Also, knowing the difference between Game Reserves and National Park is pertinent to managing disappointed expectations. Night tours can also be organised to see nocturnal creatures if the tourist desires such because there are no strict operating hours. Required fields are marked *. Simply, National Parks such as the massive Kruger are government-owned and operated, while private game reserves are privately owned and managed. In Nigeria, the Nigeria National Park Service (NNPS), a parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Environment, works closely with the Tourism Development Corporation to enhance, maintain, and protect the flora and fauna in any National Park. It is a consecrated place where sacred species are kept. This includes two of the world's most famous wildlife reserves, the Kruger National Park and Kgalagadi Transfrontier Park. Username * E-Mail * Password * Confirm Password * Captcha * Click on image to update the captcha . The private game reserves adjacent to the Kruger National Park are well-known for their array of decadent lodges and exceptional game viewing. By contrast, wildlife sanctuaries are focused on the preservation of wildlife for the sake of preservation. And which is better for an African safari? What is the difference between national park and game reserve? Game reserves are ideal for an authentic safari feel as drivers can veer off the main road into the bush in search of animals in their habitat for sightseeing. Game reserves allow for unique and potentially better wildlife viewing experiences. Differentiate between a national park and a game reserve. A National Park is protected by government to preserve the fauna and flora (and sometimes) culture of a region. Why do Game Reserves get ‘upgraded’ to National parks and what does that even mean? A game reserve (also known as a wildlife preserve or a game park) is a large area of land where wild animals live safely or are hunted in a controlled way for sport. Kapama is home to an abundance of wildlife, with over 60 mammal species including Africa’s Big 5 mammals. It may be a game reserve as well, if it happens to contain signifficant amounts of big game (e.g Kruger or Kgagalagadi). If hunting is prohibited then a Game Park can be classified as a Nature Reserve. Guests from Loisaba Tented Camp encounter wildlife on horseback in the Loisaba Conservancy, Kenya © Elewana Collection. Well, when it comes to planning your dream safari in Africa, knowing the differences between a game reserve and national park is an important part of making this experience come true. E.g. With more tourists in the park come more vehicles, which may create an exciting atmosphere but can also lead to wildlife moving off as a result of increased noise and movement. The cost of game drives in Private Game Reserves is significantly higher than that of National Parks due to the lighter traffic, high maintenance costs and the fact that Private Game Reserves are usually associated with a conservation project e.g. What is the difference between: conserve, reserve, and preserve? Less people coming into this designated wilderness area means a more private experience for those that are there as well as a better chance of preserving the local ecosystem’s most natural state. A safari in a national park is more restrictive in terms of how you can experience the wilderness as walking safaris, night drives and off-road driving are often not permitted. Well, when it comes to planning your dream safari in Africa, knowing the differences between a game reserve and national park is an important part of making this experience come true.. Game Reserve. AH020387 + 2. If you’re going to spend the time and money to take your family on an African safari, you’re going to want the best experience possible. They differ greatly from Game Farms (strictly used to rear animals for resale, hunting or sport) or Wildlife Sanctuaries (reserved strictly for caring for rescued animals that can’t return to the wild). National parks are open to the public so they can get crowded during festive seasons. Not as helpful. What is the difference between the Kruger National Park and the adjacent private game reserves? Sumu Wildlife Park/Lame-Burra Game Reserve in Bauchi state, Udi-Nsukka Plateau in Enugu state stretching to other regions of north-central Nigeria. Kapama Private Game Reserve. Gashaka Gumti National Park in both Taraba and Adamawa states. It lies in the Madikwe Game Reserve, a malaria-free area along the Botswana border that once consisted mainly of cattle farms before it was transformed into a wildlife reserve in the early 90s. The Botswana section covers an area of about 28, 105 sq.km with plenty of wild animals, including wildebeest, eland, hartebeest, gemsbok and springbok. The number of tourists allowed into the game reserve is restricted and controlled in a way that aligns with the goals of private management and wildlife conservation. What is a game ranger? National Park also allows self-catering options for those who plan to spend extended time in the live-in accommodations. All are managed by the governments or councils who are responsible for maintaining the road systems, rules and security within the park. It may imply using it, but carefully. Captcha * Click on image to update the captcha . Privately-owned and -managed, game reserves uphold an ethos of exclusivity, authenticity and freedom in all aspects of the safari experience. It may have imported animals that are not native to that environment. Privately-owned and -managed, game reserves uphold an ethos of exclusivity, authenticity and freedom in all aspects of the safari experience. Feature image courtesy of Great Plains Conservation at Selinda Explorers’ Camp in Selinda Reserve, Botswana. the Borgu Game Reserve and the Zugurma Game Reserve in Kainji National Park in Niger State. There were 36 National Parks and six National Park Reserves in Canada as of 2008. Guides stop the game drive to enjoy the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania © Nomad Tanzania. Once you know the policies guiding the conservation centre you are going to, it becomes easier to manage your expectation and make the most of your safari experience. Kapama Private Game Reserve is a prime Big 5 safari destination in the Greater Kruger Park offering ultra-luxury accommodation near Hoedspruit in Limpopo Province. 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