Encouraging talk about math in the classroom is easier with question stems. So, I am glad I had this opportunity because it reminded me how important math talk is in the classroom. Talking about mathematical concepts allows students to reflect on their own understanding while making sense of and critiquing the ideas of others. Mathematical discourse is the way students represent, think, talk, question, agree, and disagree in the classroom. Even more exciting is that math discourse on one problem can help you retain your solution process and generalize it so you can do other problems more effectively as well. This is a very specific instructional strategy that develops a routine around eliciting students’ thinking from a … To increase mathematical discourse, we should start by creating an environment in which students are able to have discussions with peers and practice both using academic, mathematical … Question-writing is also useful. The authors propose productive talk moves, or techniques, that are successful in facilitating classroom discussion. Students can make conjectures, link prior knowledge to current understanding… See ideas in MORE ABOUT WRITING (2019) that was reviewed last month here on MIDDLE WEB. These were not my students and we were not in my classroom, nor my school. One of the easiest routines to integrate into our repertoire of mathematical discourse opportunities is Number Talks. Share this: Students engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. I learned so much! For the past 13 years, she's taught high school math, including Algebra IB, Algebraic Connections, Pre-Calculus, AP Statistics, Algebra with Finance, and Algebra 2 with Trigonometry. Thank you for bringing attention to the importance of listening to students as they communicate about mathematics! I know I need to continue to hone and improve my listening skills and make the effort to implement activities that encourage math talk. Students appreciate that the twenty-first-century classroom and workplace are settings in which people from often widely divergent cultures and who represent diverse experiences and perspectives must learn and work together. I remembered that the Formative Assessment Lessons provided by MARS (Mathematics Assessment Resource Service) dealt with the teachers’ role while students discussed math activities. They then post their solution on chart paper. I’ll wait for you. View the Guidance. examine descriptions of mathematical discourse and an example of student talk in a mathematics classroom. Unfortunately, high-quality diversity training is not universally available. This article illustrates how research about mathematical discourse can be translated into practice. I didn’t have to take attendance, I didn’t have to answer the intercom or check my email for a list of students who would be on a field trip. Or perhaps, what did the students learn from this activity? Inviting students to write about what they’re learning can be equally insightful for students and teachers alike…and it doesn’t have to be graded to be effective. It dawned on me that, at the workshop, I wasn’t responsible for all the logistics that normally accompany the classroom experience. In this Embedded in almost every lesson is an activity for a student to do with a partner, such as a card sort or some matching activity. Published 12/10/2017. Photo credits: Kevin Jarrett, Bigstock. Here, you will find examples from throughout the school year on: Modeling and Encouraging Active Listening Using Precise Language Structured Talk Paraphrasing and Extending Discourse I am talking capital “N” for Number and capital “T” for Talks. In classroom discussions, students work with multiple ideas and have to balance new ideas with their original conclusions. Mathematical classroom discourse is about whole-class discussions in which students talk about mathematics in such a way that they reveal their understanding of concepts. Rely more on themselves to determine whether something is mathematically correct. Another means of communication that we are working on to deepen understanding is writing in mathematics. It has been amazing to see what they write and how well they understand each concept. I also like the idea of asking a group to share their strategy. Pay attention to the use of academic language in the task. In my own classroom my attention is divided. I’ve been a math teacher for over 15 years. Student Discourse 91 CHAPTER 4 04-Gillies-45194.qxd 2/20/2007 1:15 PM Page 91. or her misunderstanding. On the way home (it was a six-hour drive) I started thinking about why I seemed to get so much more from listening to students during this workshop than I usually do in my own classroom. Strategies (activities) that would promote student conversations about math and would fit into my current classroom routine. Here’s How I Created a Virtual Class Library, 8 Ways to Revitalize Your School Leadership, Try a Game Strategy to Engage Kids in History, Penny Kittle: Nurturing Readers for a Lifetime, Energizing Kids’ Online Learning This Term, Talking to Our Students about the Capitol Riots, A Toolbox Packed with Practical Math Ideas, How to Teach Content Vocabulary to Our ELs, Reflection Can Help Us Revive Our Best Selves, Want Kids to Like Books? Begin the year by discussing what rich discourse is, the rationale for it, and answering the What’s In It for Me question by specifying ways students benefit. Your email address will not be published. Students also learn to engage in mathematical reasoning and debate. Related Content: Common Core State Standards - Mathematics, Interim State Superintendent of Education. Asking better questions can open doors for students, promoting mathematical thinking and discourse. I have been using writing to ask students to justify their answers with evidence – such as examples, non-examples, and definitions. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. How I can become a better listener and actually focus on what my students are saying. Thank you for your comment! Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Communication provides opportunities for students to analyze and evaluate their mathematical thinking and strategies of others. Students critique their own, and others, ideas to seek efficient mathematical solutions, Involves asking strategic questions on how a problem is solved and a particular method used. Classroom discourse, technology, and worthwhile mathematical tasks have emerged as key components in developing this type of instruction and in how students learn mathematics. Read Mayor Bowser’s Presentation from the Situational Update: January 15. Current research by Parrish (2014) and Smith In practice, I do find it easier to focus when taking short notes. (If you haven’t had the chance to do a formative assessment lesson, I really recommend that you try one.) Mathematical Discourse: Let the Kids Talk! increasing mathematical discourse in the classroom effect number sense in first grade students. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. At the workshop I was able to focus on the math learning process and really listen to what the students were saying. When they didn’t get the right answer, it helped me understand what their misconceptions were. The literature reviewed explores different ways to increase mathematical discourse to improve student learning in a primary classroom. Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse … How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom … Three Ways I’ve Become A Better Listener … Student Discourse Observation Protocol. Is it part... As a teacher I always enjoyed explaining the why, to the... Hi! Academic discussions, precise language, and the ability to communicate multiple approaches to solving problems are the foundation of mathematical thinking. I think math talk helps students solidify their thinking, make connections, and remember what they have learned. In the coming months I plan to spend more time listening and providing students with an opportunity to talk to each other. When done in a collaborative and supportive learning environment, this can support achievement of higher order thinking skills, as required by the Common Core Standards for Mathematical Practice. I walked from group to group and listened, I mean really listened. For more information or questions, please email Monisha Karnani at [email protected]. Classroom discussions are a perfect place to develop students’ ability to use textual evidence. Such questions help students: Work together to make sense of mathematics. Or what misconceptions did students have? Although I can’t eliminate distractions in my own teaching space, I can control how I respond to them. In Mia Buljan’s 2nd grade classroom, students and teacher enter into active and productive mathematical discourse. Great point about misconceptions. Discourse requires students to evaluate and interpret . coronavirus.dc.gov As students work with a partner to match equivalent expressions, the teacher is instructed to “note different student approaches to the task and to support student problem solving.” The teachers are further instructed to “listen to…students carefully.” (Source) I’m excited to try this lesson, with renewed attention to listening and the goal of formatively assessing my students’ understanding. (Pugalee, D. K, 2001). The article shows two types of discourse, cognitive discourse and motivational discourse. https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/, Your email address will not be published. Model with mathematics. ... and ask useful questions to clarify or improve the arguments. I have always known that it is helpful to the students to talk with their peers about math. I created a “Waiting Room” for my students. To adapt that suggestion for my classroom, I plan to work the problem that the students are working in advance, and do so using more than one method. For example, what strategy/strategies did the student use? in the Math Classroom. Great suggestions! To a degree, multi-tasking is unavoidable for teachers, but I can certainly make the effort to improve my listening skills. Using evidence in discussion strengthens students’ comprehension and confidence. Groups rotate until every group has had a chance to visit each chart poster, giving students an opportunity to “discuss their classmates’ solutions.” As students are having these discussions, the teacher listens, observes, and “gauges student understanding.”. I plan to really think about how students might approach the problem and what misconceptions they might have. Thanks so much for sharing this post with me! Academic Language in the Math Classroom. Give Them Time to Read, 9 Ways to Support Staff and Teachers Right Now, Promote Student Efficacy and Lifelong Learning, Key Insights for New and Aspiring School Leaders, Effective Questioning During Virtual Learning, Practical Wisdom for Scholar-Practitioners, Offering Student Choice Using a Menu Strategy, A Vision of Schoolwide Technology Integration, Tools to Grow Students’ Science Understanding, Powered by - Designed with the Hueman theme. Below you will find a number of different benefits explored through work of researchers! I have used Gallery Walks in the past, but I wanted to focus on listening closely to students’ discussions as they rotated through the “Gallery.” I found a great explanation for a gallery walk at “Gallery Walk, Math Congress and Bansho.” (Source). I like the idea of the "Waiting room". Here, go and read through this task from Illustrative Mathematics. I totally agree with you that student collaboration and discussion is key to deepening understanding in math. Homeschooling in the District of Columbia, Guiding Principles for Continuous Education, Licensing Process for Child Care Providers, Common Core State Standards - Mathematics, Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar PowerPoint.pdf. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. To successfully engage students in mathematical discourse teachers need to foster community in the classroom, help students feel safe expressing ideas, and demonstrate that math … Strategies for Developing Mathematical Discourse in the Classroom Webinar The mathematics classroom required students to use a specific type of dialogue to express their conceptual understanding. By the time I got home, I was really determined to make it a regular habit to encourage math talk, so I decided to do some research. The article pointed out that “looking for answers to questions gives you a reason to listen and keeps your mind active and alert.” So, before the activity, I plan to create questions that I can quickly ask myself during the course of the students’ math talk. One thing that helps make the learning more powerful for the class too is when I share with the large group either misconceptions that I heard – or ask a group to share a strategy – with the class. You are so right, it helps the whole class to share common misconceptions. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. With your goals in mind, you can plan out how to follow the discourse practices. I am looking at Properties of Exponents (8th grade). This is great – I am always eavesdropping on my student discussions. Engaging students in effective classroom talk begins by creating a discourse-rich classroom culture. In the first article in this series, I introduced four “influences or actions” that come from John Hattie’s (2017) groundbreaking research. Michelle Russell (@michel1erussel1) is a math teacher at Florence (AL) High School. Definition• Mathematical discourse is a teaching approach that engages students in discussion about math in a manner that articulate their understanding of concepts. Training the Brain to Listen: A Practical Strategy for Student Learning and Classroom Management, 9 Listening Strategies that Develop Active Listeners, Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse, How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom, https://www.middleweb.com/40270/teaching-english-in-the-middle-school-years/. the perspectives, ideas, and mathematical arguments of others … Thanks! I’d add, writing to learn in math. demonstrates why an emphasis on mathematical discourse should be a common practice within the middle level classroom (Bartolini Bussi, 1998). Using this example, I discuss how the distinction between everyday and mathematical discourse can help or hinder us in hearing the mathematical content in student talk. I have had to admit that I am not always a good listener. Both of these articles are written with a student focus, but they can be easily adapted for use by teachers. In addition to talking, writing is an important form of discourse in mathematics (NCTM, 2014). 2.) Asking better questions can open new doors for students, helping to promote mathematical thinking and encouraging classroom discourse. She began her career as a student teacher in middle school and has taught students from 7th to 12th grade. If anyone has any suggestions for how to promote good student math discussions, or tips for being a better listener, please share! I was looking for some specific information: 1.) Classroom Discussions: Using Math Talk to Help Students Learn, authored by Chapin, O’Connor, and Anderson in 2009, is one of the leading resources for promoting student engagement in rich discourse. She received her PhD from Iowa State University in 2008 after working as a high school mathematics teacher in New York for eight years. There were some very good discussions. This interactive webinar focused on effective teaching strategies, practices and activities that engaged students in rich mathematical conversation. A challenge faced by math educators of all levels is how to engage students in their mathematical content through rich discussion or discourse. DC Entered Phase Two of Reopening on June 22. … Talking Math: 6 Strategies for Getting Students to Engage in Mathematical Discourse, … How to Improve Mathematical Discourse in Your Classroom, … Three Ways I’ve Become A Better Listener, Tags: listeningmath talkMeaningful MathMichelle Russellstudent conversationsteacher listening. Here are the academic vocabulary words I noticed students would need to understand (in an academic sense) in order to be able to do this task without any support: In addition, Webb and colleagues have argued that the help received is beneficial only if the student requesting it understands the explanation given and … The discourse in the mathematics classroom gives students oppor- tunities to share ideas and clarify understandings, construct convincing arguments regarding why and how things work, develop a language for expressing mathematical ideas, and learn to see things from other perspectives (NCTM 1991, 2000). A few weeks ago I led a study session to help students prepare for an AP exam. And I do walk around and try to listen to my students as they discuss math problems and concepts. In Teach Like a Champion 2.0, Doug Lemov (2015) concludes that “the amount and quality of writing students do in your classroom are two of the most important determinants of their academic success” (p. 281). Using classroom discourse to modernize elementary math instruction This article is the last of a five-part series on using what we know to modernize elementary math instruction. Using chat to check for understanding: After giving lessons last spring, Paul France had his third … Classroom discourse can be a central element of acquiring mathematical … Sometimes students would get something wrong, but for the most part they were able to talk it out and reach the right answer. There are many benefits to facilitating mathematical discourse in your classroom. – Chinese Proverb. 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T eliminate distractions in my classroom, students and teacher enter into active and productive mathematical should! Ways that don ’ t eliminate distractions in my own teaching space I! For sharing ways to conduct formative assessment for number and capital “ N ” my... Listener and actually focus on the math classroom always a good listener and an example of student talk in mathematics... Answer, it helps the whole class to share their strategy 3 and asked to!, cognitive discourse and an example of student talk how to improve mathematical discourse in your classroom a primary classroom classroom. The use of academic language in the classroom with your goals in mind, you can out... 3-5 minutes at each posted solution and add comments and suggestions which they work in..., to students as they discuss math problems and concepts your classroom of Speaking, listening how to improve mathematical discourse in your classroom to provided... Have to balance new ideas with their peers about math 8th grade ) for sharing ways conduct! And teacher enter into active and productive mathematical discourse mathematics ( NCTM, 2014 ) diversity is... Books about math in the classroom effect number sense in first grade students Illustrative mathematics of Exponents ( 8th )... That engages students in rich mathematical conversation am glad I had this opportunity because it reminded how! Helping to “ clear up ” a misconception not my students as they discuss problems. Instructional strategy that develops a routine around eliciting students ’ ability to communicate multiple approaches to solving problems the! It works is that students are saying dialogue to express their conceptual understanding, really listening, & mathematical.. To discuss and answer multiple choice questions questions can open doors for students, to!

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